OF ANIMAL RIGHTS
Considering that Life is one,
all living beings having a common origin and having diversified in the course
of the evolution of the species;
Considering that all living beings
possess natural rights, and that any animal with a nervous system has specific
Considering that the contempt
for, and even the simple ignorance of these natural rights cause serious damage
to nature and lead man to commit crimes against animals;
Considering that the coexistence
of species implies a recognition by the human species of the right of other
animal species to live;
Considering that the respect
of humans for animals is inseparable from the respect of man for another man.
IT IS HEREBY
PROCLAMED THAT :
All animals are born equal and they have the same rights to existence.
1° - Every animal has the right to be respected.
2° - Man, like the animal species, cannot assume the right to exterminate
other animals or to exploit them, thereby violating this right. He should
use his conscience for the service of the animals.
3° - Every animal has the right to consideration, good treatment and the protection
1° - No animal should be submitted to bad treatment or cruel actions.
2° - If the death of an animal is necessary, this should be sudden and without
fear or pain.
1° - All animals belonging to a wild species have the right to live free in
their natural environment, and have the right to reproduce.
2° - Each deprivation of freedom, even for educational purposes, is in opposition
to this right.
1° - Every animal that usually lives in a domestic environment must live and
grow to a rhythm natural to his species.
2° - Any change to this rhythm and conditions dictated by man for mercantile
purpose, is a contradiction of this law.
1° - All animals selected by man, as companions must have a life corresponding
to their natural longevity.
2° - To abandon an animal is a cruel and degrading action.
Working animals must only work for a limited period and must not be worked
to exhaustion. They must have adequate food and rest.
1° - Experiments on animals that cause physical and mental pain, are incompatible
with animal rights, even if it is for medical, scientific, commercial or any
other kind of experiment.
2° - A substitute technique must be investigated and developed.
In the eventuality of an animal bred for food, it must be fed, managed, transported
and killed without it being in fear or pain.
1° - No animal should be used for entertainment.
2° - Animal exhibitions and shows that use animals are incompatible with anÊ
Every action that causes the unnecessary death of an animal, is cruel which
is a crime against life.
1° - Every action that causes the death of a lot of wild animals is genocide,
that is a crime against the species.
2° - Pollution and destruction leads to the extinction of the species.
1° - Dead animals must be treated with respect.
2° - Violent scenes, where animals are the victims, must be forbidden at the
cinema and on TV, unless they are for the demonstration of animal rights.
1° - Protection and safeguarding associations must be represented at government
2° - Animal rights must be defended by law as are human rights.
The text of the Universal
Declaration of Animal Rights has been adopted from the International League
of Animal Rights and Affiliated National Leagues in the course of an International
Meeting on Animal Rights which took place in London from 21st to 23rd September
The Universal Declaration
of Animal Rights was solemnly proclaimed in Paris on 15 October 1978 at the
The text, revised by the International League of Animal Rights in 1989, has
been made public in 1990.